Drip irrigation is the process of allowing water to drip down slowly to direct the roots of the plants. Nowadays automation is inseparable from any business process. It is beneficial in agriculture too. Irrigation is the major process in agriculture.
The aim is to save water supplied to the fields either buried below the surface or above the surface. They provide nutrients and potentials to the soil completely by dripping water into the roots directly. When the water is supplied directly to the root, evaporation is prevented. So water will not be evolved as gas due to evaporation. Drip irrigation supplies water through valves, pipes, tubing, and emitters. The efficiency and quality will be based on the maintenance. The other coherent systems to drip irrigation are surface irrigators or sprinkler irrigators.
Drip irrigation is integrated with fertigation so that fertilizers can also be conserved with water. It gives high potent to the roots and the soil.
What are the devices that are used in Drip Irrigation?
The devices used mainly in drip irrigation are micro-spray heads, pumps, backwash controllers, pressure control valves, distribution lines, hand-operated electronic or hydraulic control valves, poly fitting accessories, emitting devices, dripper, emitter, and inline dripper.
Many drip irrigation system uses filters to avoid clogging of water under and above the surface. It acts as damage control when a large volume of water is supplied. Though filters are not manually suggested, it will be beneficial. They are recommended by agriculturalists.
DRIP IRRIGATION AUTOMATION:
The automation technique of drip irrigation is a specialized process where the distribution is installed at a time, it is not necessary to be controlled by an operator permanently. It automatically supplies water directly to the root of the plants. It can be processed either small scale or large scale. The fields with an automatic drip irrigation process meet with several optimistic effects.
These irrigation controllers can be handled by both wired and wireless solenoid valves. Irrigation pump sets will process the control with fixed data. It is solely capable of new and existing drip irrigation systems.
Drip irrigation is an advanced method of supplying water, fertilizer, and other nutrients to the soil and crops. This technique emerged a decade ago. But each interval of time, drip irrigation is updated with advanced machinery and techniques. Drip irrigation is the process of supplying water directly into the roots rather than soil.
Why is Drip Irrigation so important?
Automation is an infinite term that has an abundant technology within itself. Each field and farming work is integrated with advanced technologies and processes.
Comparatively, Drip Irrigation stands superior out of all Farm Automation technologies. This is mainly because of the uproot benefits with it. Drip irrigation is the prior and basic process in farming. It is the most essential step of all as it delivers water and other sufficient nutrients to the root. Though the automatic systems are many, they are processes enhancing agriculture and farming. But Drip irrigation is a method that facilitates the entire process.
Without efficient growth of the root and a strong foundation of the soil, no other process is applicable.
Drip irrigation is the best way to conserve water and also to be prominent with the nutritional contents. Drip irrigation results in 35%-40% high yield and productivity. Comparatively, high production can be achieved with good fertilizers at stable intervals.
How drip irrigation is carried out with automation techniques?
The technology has left us with the most complex techniques incorporated with Automation. So it is simple to follow drip irrigation with Automation techniques and methodologies. The automation technique of drip irrigation is a specialized process where the distribution is installed at a time, it is not necessary to be controlled by an operator permanently. It automatically supplies water directly to the root of the plants. It can be processed either small scale or large scale. The fields with an automatic drip irrigation process meet with several optimistic effects.